Types of Wounds
Glenwood Hyperbaric and Wound Care Center treats most types and stages of chronic, slow-, and non-healing wounds. Below, you can learn about a few of the most common types of wounds treated at our facilities here in West Monroe, LA.
Diabetic Foot Ulcers
These types of sores can occur in both type 1 and type 2 diabetics. Unfortunately, nearly one out of every four diabetics will develop some kind of foot problem. Oftentimes, these ulcers occur on the bottom of the foot, where the foot may have pressure (toe, heel, forefoot, etc.). These ulcers often start out as blisters or sores, but can develop into much larger wounds (prone to infection) if not detected early. If you are a diabetic and notice any blisters or sores, let your physician know immediately.
Venous ulcers (or stasis leg ulcers) account for approximately 80 to 90 percent of all leg ulcers. They frequently occur on the inner part of the leg, between the knee and ankle. These types of ulcers are most common in patients with varicose veins, chronic venous insufficiency, deep vein thrombosis, superficial vein clotting, and a history of leg swelling.
Lower Leg Ulcers
Lower leg ulcers can occur in the lower leg, feet, or toes. These ulcers are oftentimes caused by poor circulation, usually related to peripheral vascular disease, varicose veins, or chronic venous insufficiency. Smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, and atherosclerosis are all factors that increase your risk for developing a lower leg ulcer.
Arterial (Ischemic) Ulcers
Arterial (ischemic) ulcers are another type of foot ulcer. These ulcers typically occur on the heels, tips of the toes, between the toes, and other pressure points. Arterial ulcers share in many of the causes mentioned above.
Pressure ulcers (also known as bedsores) occur when an area of skin repeatedly rubs against an object (whether it’s a shoe, wheelchair, or hospital bed). Pressure ulcers are typically red and blistery; they may, over time, turn into an open sore.
Bone infection (osteomyelitis) is primarily caused by bacteria. The infection may travel through the bloodstream or enter the bone through an external injury site. Top risk factors for osteomyelitis include sickle cell anemia, injury to the bone, infection of tissue near bone, intravenous drug use, kidney dialysis, diabetes, and the introduction of a foreign body (whether medical, such as a screw or plate, or otherwise).
Gangrene is a complication of necrosis (cell death) that occurs when body tissue decays. Gangrene is always caused by infection, which may occur when there is an insufficient blood supply. Though gangrene typically develops in the lower extremities, it can occur in any organ. Through revascularization (restoring blood flow), the effects of gangrene can be reversed.
Skin Tears and Lacerations
Traumatic wounds that tear multiple layers of skin often require surgical repair. Tissues may be sutured together in order to stabilize the wound area. Further treatments, including hyperbaric oxygen therapy, antibiotics, and topical applications may be used to stave off infection and promote healing.
Radiation burns may be caused by sunburn, cancer treatment, or other exposure to radiation. These types of wounds can vary widely in severity. HBO2 therapy is a common treatment method for these wounds.
When bacteria enter into the site of a surgical incision, infection is a serious risk. This risk is increased in older patients and patients who have diabetes, skin infections, or suffer from malnutrition. If you are undergoing surgery, be sure you know how to prevent and recognize the symptoms of wound infection.
Failing Skin and Muscle Grafts
There are many reasons why a skin or muscle graft may fail. The graft may be rejected by the body, or infection may prevent it from taking hold. Failed grafts may be salvaged or prepared for alternative treatment.
For more information about the types of wound treated at Glenwood Hyperbaric and Wound Care Center, call 318-329-8470.