Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy (VSG) is a restrictive surgical weight loss procedure performed at Glenwood Surgery Center, a campus of Glenwood Regional Medical Center in West Monroe. This non-reversible laparoscopic procedure has been very successful with patients who need to lose 100 lbs. or more.
Who It’s For
Sleeve gastrectomy is typically recommended for patients with a BMI of 40+ or a BMI of 35+ with comorbidities.
How It Works
In a laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy, the surgeon makes several small incisions on the abdomen. Surgical instruments and a small endoscope with a camera are inserted through the incisions, which allows the bariatric surgeon to perform a safe and accurate procedure.
With surgical tools and endoscope in place, the surgeon removes 75 percent of the stomach, dramatically reducing the stomach’s size. Not only is the stomach smaller after this procedure, but the secretion of ghrelin, a hormone responsible for the feeling of satiety (fullness), is greatly reduced. This allows the patient to eat small meals, but still feel full.
Patients who undergo this surgery stay overnight and are discharged the next day.
Benefits of Sleeve Gastrectomy
Patients who elect to undergo this procedure enjoy a number of benefits:
- Implementation of a foreign body, such as the LAP-BAND® is not necessary.
- There is no malabsorption or vitamin/mineral deficiencies caused by malabsorption.
- There is no anastomosis – rerouting of the intestinal tract.
- Fewer vitamin deficiencies (compared to gastric bypass).
- Less long-term maintenance than an adjustable gastric band.
- More weight loss than adjustable gastric banding.
- Procedure prepares patients for a later surgery by offering initial weight loss.
Risks & Drawbacks
There are a few risks and drawbacks associated with sleeve gastrectomy, which your medical team will go over with you prior to surgery:
- This procedure is nonadjustable, permanent, and could require a second surgery.
- Weight loss may be slower than weight loss that results from Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass or Duodenal Switch.
- Less clinical data available compared to gastric bypass and adjustable gastric banding.
- Potential for gastric leaks (due to stapled resection of the stomach).
What results can you expect with Sleeve Gastrectomy?
46% to 83% excess weight loss 1 year after surgery.
Many patients will be able to adjust or stop taking their blood pressure medications, type 2 diabetic medications, or quit their use of sleep apnea masks.
Improvement of other obesity-related health conditions: arthritis, high cholesterol, gastroesophageal disease (GERD), asthma, sleep apnea, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes.
For more information about sleeve gastrectomy surgery in West Monroe, please register for a free weight loss seminar online.